Maat-ka-Ra Hatshepsut

The Temple Djeser djeseru

last update: 26.04.2009

Photo of Djeser djeseru (Holy of Holiest), the temple of Maat-ka-Ra Hatshepsut at Deir el-Bahari, during the restoration work (1999); in front the 1. ramp, on the left of of it the hall of obelisks, on the right of hall with hunting scenes.

The name Djeser djeseru is an abbreviation. The complete old Egyptian name reads: "The great temple of million of years, the temple of Amun of Djeser djeseru at his outstanding place of the first time". Therefore, among others the name points to a "primeval hill" what probably became manifested in the terraced building.
The building combined the functions of a temple to perform the cult of gods, that of the king and the cult of the dead (king). The meaning of the name Djeser djeseru (_sr Dsr.w-Jmn.w; the hieroglyphic writing is shown above the photo) is not clear at all, in most cases the name is translated with "Holy of Holiest".
According to the dedication textas, e.g. on the right and on the left of the large niches on the upper terrace the temple is clearly dedicated to the Amun. The chapels of the Hathor and the Anubis must be considered as "independent" parts of the temple since these are provided with own dedication texts for these two divinities (see Grallert, 2001).

The terraced temple of Hatshepsut at Deir el-Bahari which was completely built of limestone is probably one of the most well-known buildings not only of Hatshepsut but of the whole inheritances of ancient Egypt. There is a lot of material about this temple therefore special attention is given to this building. On account of the large quantity of the available material the location of the building, its history, the single pillared halls (porticos) and the adjacent chapels are discussed each on an own page. From these pages you can jump either back to this page (Djeser djeseru) or to other pages.

Location of the Monument     History     Description of the Monument      Djeser djeseru - the times after

Copyright: Dr. Karl H. Leser (Iufaa)